diwali celebrations

diwali celebrations in india

Diwali or Deepavali, the "festival of lights" is an ancient Hindu festivalcelebrated in autumn  every year.Diwali is the biggest and the brightest festival in India. The festival spiritually signifies the victory of light over darkness.The festival preparations and rituals typically extend over a five-day period, but the main festival night of Diwali coincides with the darkest, new moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika. In the Gregorian calendar,Diwali falls between mid-October and mid-November.

Before Diwali night, people clean, renovate and decorate their homes and offices.On Diwali night, Hindus dress up in new clothes or their best outfit, light up diyas (lamps and candles) inside and outside their home, participate in family puja (prayers) typically to Lakshmi the goddess of wealth and prosperity. After puja, fireworks follow,then a family feast including mithai(sweets), and an exchange of gifts between family members and close friends. Diwali also marks a major shopping period in nations where it is celebrated.
Diwali is an important festival for Hindus. The name of festive days as well as the rituals of Diwali vary significantly among Hindus, based on the region of India. In many parts of India,the festivities start with Dhanteras, followed byNaraka Chaturdasi on second day, Diwali on the third day, Diwali Padvadedicated to wife-husband relationship on the fourth day, and festivities end with Bhau-beej dedicated to sister-brother bond on the fifth day. Dhanterasusually falls eighteen days after Dussehra.
diwali rangoli

beautiful peacock and Dias art with rangoli colors.
Where can I celebrate Diwali in the UK 
Many activities and events are held in United Kingdom to celebrate Diwali, which is known as the “Festival of Lights”. Diwali is a time for spring cleaning in homes and offices. Many homes that celebrate Diwali have assorted sweets, savories and Diwali herbs. Various lights, candles and sparklers are lit inside and outside homes.

Many people wear their finest clothes to celebrate Diwali. Many women wearing jewelry and silk outfits and some have mehendi, which is a temporary henna decoration, on their palms. Many Indian businesses see Diwali as a day to start the new financial year because of Diwali’s ties with Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth.

Many cities throughout the United Kingdom celebrate the Diwali festival with firework displays, dances, plays, street lighting, Diwali lanterns, traditional Indian food, and music. Hindu council representatives, spokespeople from Indian associations, and political leaders publicly announce their greetings to those involved in organizing and participating in Diwali celebrations.

Diwali is not a bank holiday in the United Kingdom but it is celebrated in many towns and cities such as Belfast, Birmingham, Edinburgh, Leicester, and London. There may be traffic congestion and parking places may be full in areas where events are held to celebrate Diwali. Some Indian businesses may close early on Diwali.

What is eaten during Diwali
During Diwali, the most popular food is mithai. Mithai is a combination of a snack, a dessert and a sweet, and it is eaten throughout the Diwali festival. Other favorite dishes include Dahi-Bhalle, Karanji, Samosas, Pakoray, Mathiyaa, Ghathiya and Aloo Tikki.

krishnashtami sri krishna janmashtami How to celebrate Janmastami vishnu sahasranamam

krishnashtami sri krishna janmashtami

Krishna Janmashtami is the celebration of the birth of Lord Shri Krishna, the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who is believed to have been born about five thousand years ago in Mathura in 'Dwapar Yuga'. Krishna Janmashtami is also known as Ashtami Rohini, Srikrishna Jayanti, Krishnashtami, Saatam Aatham, Gokulashtami and sometimes simply as Janmashtami. It is essentially a Hindu festival. The festival is generally observed on Ashtami tithi, the eighth day of the dark half or Krishna Paksha of the month of Bhadrapada in the Hindu calendar, when the Rohini Nakshatra is ascendant. This is usually in the months of August and September in the Gregorian calendar. The festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm and vigor by Hindus all over India and abroad. People observe fast the whole day, sing hymns and conduct prayers at midnight to rejoice the birth of Lord. Ras lila, dramatic enactments of the life of Krishna, are a special feature that is showcased in every part of the country, as it re-creates the flirtatious aspects of Krishna's youthful days. Another interesting aspect of Krishna Janmashtami is the practice of Dahi-Handi. This game portrays the playful and mischievous side of Krishna, where teams of young men form human pyramids to reach a high-hanging pot of butter and break it.
Janmashtami History:
According to the Puranas Krishna took birth on the 8th lunar day (Ashtami) of the waning moon of the month of Smvana at midnight, upon the moon's entrance into Rohini asterism. This day is marked as Janmashtami. Krishna is one of the most worshipped Gods in India and belongs to the Hindu Trinity. He is believed to be one of the eight incarnations of Lord Vishnu. The story of birth of Krishna is an intriguing one.
The story goes like this: One day Mother Earth was appalled by the number of sins that were being committed on her surface. She went to Brahma that God of the Gods and appealed to him for help. Brahma, after listening to her, appealed to Lord Vishnu who said that He would take birth on earth and His avatar will destroy every kind of sin that was being committed on earth then.
The history of Janmashtmi dates back to thousand years. There are also several legends and stories associated with this festival. If you start exploring the origin of the festival, you will end up listening to thousands of folklores related to Krishna and his birth. It is believed that Lord Krishna was the incarnation of Vishnu, one of the three most important Hindu Gods. It is commonly believed that he took birth for killing Kansa, the unreligious demon king of Mathura and other demons, to establish a kingdom of peace, prosperity and religion on earth and to spread the message of brotherhood and humanity. 
In his preaching to Arjuna in the Holy Bhagvad Gita he says Whenever the balance of the universe is disturbed by external interference from any of its parts, then I reveal myself as the Power of eternal balancing. For the protection of those who are in harmony, and the rectification of everything disharmonious, I incarnate myself at every juncture of time.So, it is assumed that the form of God will return back on earth for the establishment of peace, religion and prosperity in society once again when required. The celebration of Janmashtami is also a way to commemorate his holy deeds on earth for the mankind. Historians calculate that the birth of Lord Krishna goes back to the Dwapar Yug. It is in the year of Visvavasu around 3227 BC when Lord Krishna was born.
He was born on a dark, stormy night on the day eight day of the second fortnight of the month of Shravana which now corresponds to the month of August-September in the Gregorian calendar. Born in the prison of Demon Kansa, from Kansas sister Devaki and Vasudeva, Krishna was declared to be the savior of mankind and the end of Kansa even before his birth. Krishna, right from the day of birth exhibited that he was a special child and there was extraordinary powers with him. Throughout his childhood and adolescence in Gokul, he did many things which made people believe that he was a form of God. Since then, the people of Nandgaon celebrated the birth of Krishna as a day of fortune. Even thousands of years after his heavenly abode, people observe this day as a day of fortune and commemorate the birth of Lord Krishna by fasting and feasting. People believe Krishna to be the ultimate savior of the world. One who unlike other gods, can be regarded, as a lover, friend, divine guru or ones own child.People mesmerized with Krishnas persona and deeds can be seen singing and dancing in the name of Krishna to eternity on the day of Janmashtami. It is the deep faith and devotion of people towards him that the festival is still celebrated with a great honor, joy as well as elation as it was celebrated thousands of years back.
How to celebrate Janmastami:
Hindus celebrate Janmashtami by fasting and staying up until midnight, the time when Krishna is believed to have been born. Images of Krishna's infancy are placed in swings and cradles in temples and homes. At midnight, devotees gather around for devotional songs, dance and exchange gifts. Some temples also conduct readings slokas of the Hindu religious scripture Bhagavad Gita.
How to Celebrate Janmashtami at Home:
Invite all your friends and family to participate in the festivities.Decorating your home for Krishna can be fun, particularly for children. Encourage them in helping to make garlands, hanging balloons and festoons of leaves, and generally making the house beautiful for Krishna’s appearance.Get a copy of the Vaishnava Songbook and choose some of your favorite bhajanas(devotional songs in praise of God) to sing. Krishna, also known as Murlidhara, or “one who holds the flute,” loves music. And so will your friends and family, as you take turns singing and playing instruments. Alternatively, play bhajan CDs and heighten the spiritual atmosphere.
You can also chant extra rounds of the Hare Krishna mantra on your japa mala (prayer beads). This is an intimate one on one exchange with Krishna, and makes you feel much closer to the Lord.

Read the story of Krishna’s advent and other exciting pastimes fromKrishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead or Srimad Bhagavatam,Canto Ten. Pass the book around, and try dramatic readings to bring the story to life. Janmashtami is all about completely immersing yourself in thoughts of Krishna in a festive way.
If you have Radha-Krishna deities, get extra special new outfits for Them. Exercise your creativity and pay special attention to decorating Their altar.Recreate the temple program and hold an abhisheka bathingceremony for your deities. Simply buy different liquids like yogurt,
honey, ghee and fruit juices and bathe the deity with them while singing devotional songs.Temples prepare at least one hundred and eight different food dishes on Janmashtami. Of course, you don’t have to go that far, unless you’re feeling particularly energetic! But it’s always nice to cook some very special preparations to offer to the Lord. Imagine that Krishna was actually right there, in your house what would you offer Him? This makes for a wonderful meditation while cooking on Janmashtami.Have a midnight arati (worship ceremony) with a
kirtan. This is the exact time that Krishna appeared on this
planet, so it is most auspicious and spiritually inspiring. If you
have arati paraphernalia, then you can do a full offering. If
not, don’t worry–Krishna says in the Bhagavad-gita, “If you
offer Me with love a leaf, flower, fruit or water, I will accept it.”
So offer whatever you canit’s your love and devotion that matters.
Buy a special gift for the Lord. You can wrap it and write a card to Krishna. Here are some gift ideas:
If you have Deities you can buy or make jewelry, new clothes, garlands, peacock feathers, turban pieces, flutes or water cups,Incense,Fruit basket,Offering plate,New picture frame if you worship a picture of Krishna Brand new aratiset If you are able to fast from food, fasting until midnight is recommended. If fasting is too difficult, then try to eat only light foods during the day. By putting our own needs aside and concentrating more on Krishna’s, we show our love for Him.
You can engage your children in many of the above activities. Depending on your children’s ages, they can help cook, make garlands, design a birthday card, play musical instruments, dance and chant Hare Krishna.
Children also enjoy dressing up as Radha, Krishna and their associates, and re-enacting Krishna’s pastimes. This helps to create a very festive mood.

As you celebrate Janmashtami, remember that just as we enjoy the attention and fun on our birthday, so the Lord also enjoys our attention and gifts on His appearance day. The difference between us and Krishna is that He is able to reciprocate perfectly with each one of us. In the transcendental realm, everything that we offer to the Lord with love and devotion will benefit us unlimitedly, and those benefits will stay with us for eternity.
Mantars for Reciting:

vishnu sahasranamam
Popular Places:
Janmashtami is one such festival that is celebrated equally in North and South India. Preparations for the same start weeks in advance. Different parts of the country celebrate the festival differently. In South India, the celebrations are most prevalent in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. In both the places, the idol of Lord Krishna is placed in a decorated mantapa. Bhakshanam (snacks and sweets in Sanskrit), are specially prepared for the festival, and offered to Lord Krishna. Along with it, fruits that are his favorites are also offered. In some parts of Karnataka, chakli, avalakki and bellada panaka are prepared especially for the festival. In North India, celebrations are no less than being called extravagant and splendid. While Gokul and Vridnavan (Lord's birth and growing up place) witness flocks of visitors coming to the place to celebrate the festival at Krishna janamabhoomi, the other parts organize different events and practice different rituals to mark the occasion. In the cities of Mumbai and Pune, dahi-handi is organized wherein a group of men form human pyramid to reach a high-hanging pot of butter and break it. In the city of Dwarka in Gujarat and the eastern states of Orissa and West Bengal, people celebrate it with fasting and doing puja at midnight. Though the rituals practiced vary from one region to the other, the spirit and devotion to the Lord is same everywhere. Thus, it wouldn't be wrong to say that Krishna is the most loved and celebrated God in India.
Recipes/Nivadyam for God:
shrikhand-krishnashtami special

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Rakhi Raksha Bandhan story and quotes sms

Rakhi Raksha Bandhan quotes sms
Raksha Bandhan Date and timings:
18thAugust 2016 (Thursday) 
Raksha Bandhan Thread Ceremony Time - 06:03 to 14:56 Duration -8 Hours 53 Mins
Aparahan Time Raksha Bandhan Muhurat - 13:35 to 14:56 Duration - 1 Hour 21 Mins

Raksha Bandhan:
Raksha Bandhan is a Hindu festival that celebrates the love and duty between brothers and sistersIn India, festivals are the celebration of togetherness, of being one of the family.The festival is also popularly used to celebrate any brother-sister relationship between men and women who are relatives or biologically unrelated It is called Rakhi Purnima, or simplyRakhi, in many parts of India.The festival is observed by Hindus, Jains, and many Sikhs.Raksha Bandhan is primarily observed in India, Mauritius and parts of Nepal. It is also celebrated by Hindus and Sikhs in parts of Pakistan,and by some people of Indian origin around the world.
Raksha Bandhan is one such festival that is all about affection, fraternity and sublime sentiments. It is also known as Raksha Bandhan which means a 'bond of protection'. This is an occasion to flourish love, care, affection and sacred feeling of brotherhood.
Story of Raksha Bandhan:
According to Hindu scripture Bhavishya Purana, in the war between Gods and demons, Indra - the deity of sky, rains and thunderbolts - was disgraced by the powerful demon King Bali. Indra’s wife Sachi consulted Vishnu, who gave her a bracelet made of cotton thread, calling it holy.Sachi tied the holy thread around Indra wrist, blessed with her prayers for his well being and success. Indra successfully defeated the evil and recovered Amaravati. This story inspired the protective power of holy thread.The story also suggests that the Raksha Bandhan thread in ancient India were amulets, used by women as prayers and to guard men going to war, and that these threads were not limited to sister-brother like relationships.
Rakhi Making How to make rakhi at home
According to this legend, credited to Hindu scriptures Bhagavata Purana and Vishnu Purana, after Vishnu won the three worlds from the demon King Bali, he was asked by Bali that Vishnu live in his palace, a request Vishnu granted. Vishnu's wife, Goddess Lakshmi did not like the palace or his new found friendship with Bali, and preferred that her husband and she return to Vaikuntha. So she went to Bali, tied a Rakhi and made him a brother. Bali asked her what gift she desired. Lakshmi asked that Vishnu be freed from the request that he live in Bali's palace. Bali consented, as well accepted her as his sister.

There is another story is also known as Ganesh had two sons, Shubh and Labh. On Raksha Bandhan, Ganesh's sister visited and tied a Rakhi on Ganesh's wrist. The two boys become frustrated that they have no sister to celebrate Raksha Bandhan with. They ask their father Ganesh for a sister, but to no avail. Finally, saint Narada appears who persuades Ganesh that a daughter will enrich him as well as his sons. Ganesh agreed, and created a daughter named Santoshi Ma by divine flames that emerged from Ganesh's wives,Rddhi (Amazing) and Siddhi (Perfection). Thereafter, Shubh Labh (literally "Holy Profit") had a sister named Santoshi Ma (literally "Goddess of Satisfaction"), who loved and protected each other.

Krishna considered Draupadi his sister. When Krishna cut his finger while beheading Shishupal, Draupadi immediately tore off a piece of her sari and bandaged his cut. Krishna said that with this loving act, she wrapped him in debt and he would repay each “thread” when the time arrives. Indeed, whenever Draupadi needed Krishna’s protection she fervently prayed for his help, he came to the rescue and gave her unlimited cloth. This is one of the stories of the origin of the Raksha Bandhan festival.In the epic Mahabharat, Draupadi tied a Rakhi to Krishna, while Kunti tied her Rakhito her grandson Abhimanyu, before the great war.

According to another legend, Yama, the god of Death had not visited his sisterYamuna for 12 years. Yamuna, the goddess of Yamuna river, was sad and consulted Ganga, the goddess of Ganga river. Ganga reminded Yama of his sister, upon which Yama visits her. Yamuna was overjoyed to see her brother, and prepared a bounty of food for Yama. The god Yama was delighted, and asked Yamuna what she wanted for gift. She wished that he, her brother should return and see her again soon. Yama was moved by his sister's love, agreed and to be able to see her again, made river Yamuna immortal. This legend is the basis for a Raksha Bandhan-like festival called Bhai Duj in some parts of India, which also celebrates brother-sister love, but near Diwali.
Historical stories:
Alexander the Great and King Puru:
According to one legendary narrative, when Alexander the Great invaded India in 326 BCE, Roxana (or Roshanak, his wife) sent a sacred thread to Porus, asking him not to harm her husband in battle. In accordance with tradition, Porus, the king ofKaikeya kingdom, gave full respect to the rakhi. On the battlefield, when Porus was about to deliver a final blow to Alexander, he saw the rakhi on his own wrist and restrained himself from attacking Alexander personally.
Rakhi Making How to make rakhi at home
Rani Karnavati and Emperor Humayun:
Another controversial historical account is that of Rani Karnavati of Chittor and Mughal Emperor Humayun, which dates to 1535 CE. When Rani Karnavati, the widowed queen of the king of Chittor, realised that she could not defend against the invasion by the Sultan of Gujarat, Bahadur Shah, she sent a Rakhi to Emperor Humayun. Touched, the Emperor immediately set off with his troops to defend Chittor.Humayun arrived too late, and Bahadur Shah managed to sack the Rani's fortress. Although contemporary commentators and memoirs do not mention the Rakhi episode and some historians have expressed skepticism about it, it is mentioned in one mid-seventeenth century Rajasthani account.
How celebrate Raksha Bandhan:

On the day of Rakhi, sisters prepares the pooja thali with diya, roli, chawal, rakhi thread and sweets. The ritual begins with a prayer in front of God, then the sister ties Rakhi to her brother and wishes for his happiness and well-being. In turn, the brother acknowledge the love with a promise to stand by his sister through all the good and bad times.

Sisters tie Rakhi on the wrist of their brothers amid chanting of mantras, put roli and rice on his forehead and pray for his well-being. She bestows him with gifts and blessings. In turn, brothers also wish her a good life and pledges to take care of her. He gives her a return gift. The gift symbolizes the physical acceptance of her love, reminder of their togetherness and his pledge. The legends and the reference in history repeated, the significance of the festival is emphasized.

Raksha bandhan has been celebrated in the same way with the same traditions for many years. Only the means have changed with the changing lifestyle to make the celebration more elaborate and lively. This day has an inherent power that pulls the siblings together. The increasing distances evoke the desire to be together even more. All brothers and sisters try to reach out to each other on this auspicious day. The joyous meeting, the rare family get-together, that erstwhile feeling of brotherhood and sisterhood calls for a massive celebration. 

People also share tasty dishes, wonderful sweets and exchange gifts. It is a time to share their past experiences also. For those who are not able to meet each other, rakhi cards and e-rakhis and rakhis through mails perform the part of communicating the rakhi messages. Hand made rakhis and self-made rakhi cards are just representation of the personal feelings of the siblings.
Rakhi Making How to make rakhi at home
Raksha Bandhan quotes sms:
  • Brothers are like streetlights along the road, they don't make distance any shorter but they light up the path and make the walk worthwhile.”
  • “You were always my best friend, looking out for me, making sure the path I traveled on was smooth. Even if I searched the world over, there cannot be a better brother than you. Wishing You Life's Best Always.” 
  • “We were always close, looking out for each other even when life led us along different paths... Like an invisible thread, our love binds us together, making sure we'll remember where we came from and what we mean to each other. Wishing you a joyous Raksha Bandhan, Dear Brother.” 
  • “The loving occasion of Raksha Bandhan is the best time Brother, to reminisce fondly the wonderful moment we have spent together, sharing each other’s joys and sorrows… Thanks for spreading smiles everywhere and making life so beautiful, meaningful and Happy… My Dear Brother .” 
  • “You never say no, you never say thats impossible and you never say you can't. That's my bro, a superman who make things possible and who make paths smoother. I love you Bro.” 
  • “You are the person who holds me in my bad times, you are the person who dances with me in my happiness. I can't recall even a single day when you were absent from my life. I really love you.” 
  • Kaamyabi tumhare kadam chume,

  • Khushiyan tumhare charo aur ho,
    Par bhagwan se itni prarthana karne ke liye,
    tum mujhe kuch to commission do!
    To my extremely lovable (but kanjoos) brother…
    Just kidding as always.
    “Happy Raksha Bandhan.”
  • "Sisters is probably the most competitive relationship within the family, but once sisters are grown, it becomes the strongest relationship."
  • “Sister is someone who is caring and sharing. Sister can understand things you never said. She can understand pain which is not visible to anyone. I love my sister.”
  • “It leaves a smile on my face when I think of those trifling fights we had and suddenly used to make up. The memories may fade away with passing time but the love we share will only grow. Happy Raksha Bandhan, Dear Sister.” 
  • “God sent in my life a beautiful Angel in your guise, Sister. In good times or bad ones, you're ready to extend your help and support. Thanks for all you do.” 
  • “Sister is someone who is caring and sharing. Sister can understand things you never said. She can understand pain which is not visible to anyone. I love my sister.” 
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Ganesh Chaturthi Story Vinayaka Chavithi puja vidhanam katha khairatabad ganesh

Ganesh Chaturthi Story Vinayaka Chavithi puja vidhanam/katha 

Ganesha Chaturthi Date and timings:
 5th September 2016 (Monday) 
Madhyahna Ganesha Puja Time - 11:00 to 13:28 Duration - 2 Hours 27 Mins
On 4th, Time to Avoid Moon Sighting - 18:54 to 20:29 Duration -1 Hour 34 Mins
On 5th, Time to Avoid Moon Sighting - 09:05 to 21:07 Duration -12 Hours 2 Mins
Ganesha Chaturthi is the Hindu festivalcelebrated in honour of the god Ganesha, The son of Shiva and Parvati, Ganesha has an elephantine countenance with a curved trunk and big ears, and a huge pot-bellied body of a human being.He is the Lord of success and destroyer of evils and obstacles. He is also worshipped as the god of education, knowledge, wisdom and wealth. In fact, Ganesha is one of the five prime Hindu deities(Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva and Durga being the other four) whose idolatry is glorified as thepanchayatana puja,is observed in the Hindu calendar month of Bhaadrapada, starting on the shukla chaturthi (fourth day of the waxing moon period). The date usually falls between August and September. The festival lasts for 10 days, ending on Anant Chaturdashi (fourteenth day of the waxing moon period).
Weeks or even months before Ganesha Chaturthi, artistic clay models of Lord Ganesha are made for sale by specially skilled artisans. They are beautifully decorated and depict Lord Ganesha in vivid poses. The size of these statues may vary from 3/4 of an inch to over 70 feet.
Ganesha Chaturthi starts with the installation of these Ganesha statues in colorfully decorated homes and specially erected temporary structures mandapas (pandals) in every locality. The pandals are erected by the people or a specific society or locality or group by collecting monetary contributions. The pandals are decorated specially for the festival, either by using decorative items like flower garlands, lights, etc. or are theme based decorations, which depict religious themes or current events.

Story of loard Ganesha:
Significance of the loard Ganesha Form
Ganesha's head symbolizes theAtman or the soul, which is the ultimate supreme reality of human existence, and his human body signifies Maya or the earthly existence of human beings. The elephant head denotes wisdom and its trunk represents Om, the sound symbol of cosmic reality. In his upper right hand Ganesha holds a goad, which helps him propel mankind forward on the eternal path and remove obstacles from the way. The noose in Ganesha's left hand is a gentle implement to capture all difficulties.
The broken tusk that Ganesha holds like a pen in his lower right hand is a symbol of sacrifice, which he broke for writing the Mahabharata. The rosary in his other hand suggests that the pursuit of knowledge should be continuous.
The laddoo (sweet) he holds in his trunk indicates that one must discover the sweetness of the Atman. His fan-like ears convey that he is all ears to our petition. The snake that runs round his waist represents energy in all forms. And he is humble enough to ride the lowest of creatures, a mouse.

The story of the birth of this zoomorphic deity, as depicted in the Shiva Purana, goes like this: Once goddess Parvati, while bathing, created a boy out of the dirt of her body and assigned him the task of guarding the entrance to her bathroom. When Shiva, her husband returned, he was surprised to find a stranger denying him access, and struck off the boy's head in rage. Parvati broke down in utter grief and to soothe her, Shiva sent out his squad (gana) to fetch the head of any sleeping being who was facing the north. The company found a sleeping elephant and brought back its severed head, which was then attached to the body of the boy. Shiva restored its life and made him the leader (pati) of his troops. Hence his name 'Ganapati'. Shiva also bestowed a boon that people would worship him and invoke his name before undertaking any venture.

However, there's another less popular story of his origin, found in the Brahma Vaivarta Purana: Shiva asked Parvati to observe the punyaka vrata for a year to appease Vishnu in order to have a son. When a son was born to her, all the gods and goddesses assembled to rejoice on its birth. Lord Shani, the son of Surya (Sun-God), was also present but he refused to look at the infant. Perturbed at this behaviour, Parvati asked him the reason, and Shani replied that his looking at baby would harm the newborn. However, on Parvati's insistence when Shani eyed the baby, the child's head was severed instantly. All the gods started to bemoan, whereupon Vishnu hurried to the bank of river Pushpabhadra and brought back the head of a young elephant, and joined it to the baby's body, thus reviving it.

Ganesha, the Destroyer of Pride
Ganesha is also the destroyer of vanity, selfishness and pride. He is the personification of material universe in all its various magnificent manifestations. "All Hindus worship Ganesha regardless of their sectarian belief," says D N Singh in A Study of Hinduism. "He is both the beginning of the religion and the meeting ground for all Hindus."
108 names of Ganesha:
Akhuratha: One whose chariot is pulled by a mouse
Alampata: One who is forever eternal
Amit: One who is incomparable
Anantachidrupamayam: One who is the personification of the infinite consciousness
Avaneesh: Master of the universe
Avighna: The remover of obstacles
Balaganapati: Beloved child
Bhalchandra: One who is moon crested
Bheema: One who is gigantic
Bhupati: The lord of lords
Bhuvanpati: The lord of the heaven
Buddhinath: The God of wisdom
Buddhipriya: One who bestows of knowledge and intellect
Buddhividhata: The God of knowledge
Chaturbhuj: The four-armed lord
Devadeva: The lord of lords
Devantakanashakarin: Destroyer of evils and demons
Devavrata: One who accepts all penances
Devendrashika: The protector of all gods
Dharmik: One who is righteous and charitable
Dhoomravarna: One whose skin is smoke-hued
Durja: The invincible
Dvaimatura: One who has two mothers
Ekaakshara: One who is of a single syllable
Ekadanta: Single-tusked
Ekadrishta: Single-focused
Eshanputra: The son of Shiva
Gadadhara: One whose weapon is the mace
Gajakarna: One who has elephantine-ears
Gajanana: One who has an elephantine face
Gajananeti: One who has the looks of an elephant
Gajavakra: The trunk of an elephant
Gajavaktra: One who has an elephantine mouth
Ganadhakshya: The lord of lords
Ganadhyakshina: Leader of all celestial bodies
Ganapati: The lord of lords
Gaurisuta: The son of Gauri
Gunina: The lord of virtues
Haridra: One who is golden-hued
Heramba: Mother's beloved son
Kapila: One who is yellowish-brown
Kaveesha: The lord of poets
Kirti: The lord of music
Kripalu: Merciful lord
Krishapingaksha: One who has yellowish-brown eyes
Kshamakaram: The abode of forgiveness
Kshipra: One who is easy to appease
Lambakarna: One who has large ears
Lambodara: One who has a big belly
Mahabala: One who is enormously strong
Mahaganapati: The Supreme Lord
Maheshwaram: Lord of the universe
Mangalamurti: The all auspicious Lord
Manomay: The winner of hearts
Mrityuanjaya: The conqueror of death
Mundakarama: The abode of happiness
Muktidaya: Bestower of eternal bliss
Musikvahana: One who rides a mouse
Nadapratithishta: One who appreciates music
Namasthetu: Destroyer of evils and sins
Nandana: Lord Shiva's son
Nideeshwaram: Bestower of wealth
Omkara: One who has the form of 'Om'
Pitambara: One who has yellowish skin
Pramoda: Lord of all abodes
Prathameshwara: First among all Gods
Purush: The omnipotent personality
Rakta: One who is blood-hued
Rudrapriya: One who is the beloved of Shiva
Sarvadevatman: One who accepts all celestial offerings
Sarvasiddhanta: Bestower of skills and knowledge
Sarvatman: Protector of the universe
Shambhavi: Son of Parvati
Shashivarnam: One who has a moon-like complexion
Shoorpakarna: One who is large-eared
Shuban: The all auspicious Lord
Shubhagunakanan One who is The Master of All Virtues
Shweta: One who is as pure as the white
Siddhidhata: Bestower of accomplishments and successes
Siddhipriya: Giver of wishes and boons
Siddhivinayaka: Bestower of success
Skandapurvaja: Elder of Skanda or Kartikya
Sumukha: One who has an auspicious face
Sureshwaram: The lord of lords
Swaroop: Lover of beauty
Tarun: One who is ageless
Uddanda: The nemesis of evils and vices
Umaputra: The son of Goddess Uma
Vakratunda: One with a curved trunk
Varaganapati: Bestower of boons
Varaprada: One who grants wishes
Varadavinayaka: Bestower of success
Veeraganapati: The vigorous lord
Vidyavaridhi: The God of wisdom
Vighnahara: Remover of obstacles
Vignaharta: Destroyer of all obstacles
Vighnaraja: Lord of all obstacles
Vighnarajendra: Lord of all obstacles
Vighnavinashanaya: Destroyer of all obstacles
Vigneshwara: Lord of all obstacles
Vikat: One who is huge
Vinayaka: The Supreme Lord
Vishwamukha: Master of the universe
Vishwaraja: King of the world
Yagnakaya: One who accepts sacrificial offerings
Yashaskaram: The bestower of fame and fortune
Yashvasin: The beloved and ever popular lord
Yogadhipa: The lord of meditation
How to perform Ganesh puja:

Khairatabad Ganesh
Khairatabad Ganesh new look for this year is Thrishaktimaya Moksha Ganapathi and the height of god is 59 feet as completing 59 years.The expenditure to complete this idol around 60 lack.And the Laddu weight is 5600kgs made from Tapeshwaram.Ganesha is in the standing position with godess Lakshmi and Saraswathi.To the right of main ganesh idol will be a depiction of Gajendra Moksham dispalys with Elephant and crocodile and left side displays the Bhadrakali in sitting position.Nearly 150 works are working for making of the Ganesha.Mostly artists  are from chennai.The idol will be immersed in the hussain sagar lake on sunday,September27th.The governor of Telengana will inaugurate and CM will be attend it.
Rakhi Making How to make rakhi at home
garbha rakshambika stotram lyrics and audio
Stotras for mothers and pregnant women
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Naga Panchami Puja/vrat Vidhi Kalsarpa Yoga Nagaradhana

Naga Panchami Puja Vidhi/vratam 

What is Nagapanchami(Significance of Nagapanchami):

Nagapanchami is Hindus festival on that day they worships Snakes.According to Garuda Purana offering prayers to snake on this day is auspicious and will usher good tidings in one’s life.In this day Nagas are worshipped with milk, sweets, flowers, lamps and even sacrifices. Images of Nag deities made of silver, stone, wood, or paintings on the wall are first bathed with water and milk and then worshipped with the reciting of the some mantras.

Shukla Paksha Panchami during Sawan month is observed as Nag Panchami. Usually Nag Panchami day falls two days after Hariyali Teej.Currently Nag Panchami falls in month of July and August in English calendar. Women worship Nag Devta and offer milk to snakes on this day. Women also pray for the wellness of their brothers and family.

The main reason of celebrating this day must be that snakes are a great threat to mankind during these months.They usually come out of their holes as rainwater seeps in and while looking for shelter they might harm humans. However, this is why they are worshipped this day and fed with milk. 
According to Sarpa Satra:
Mahabharata epic, Janamejeya, the son of King Parikshit of Kuru dynasty was performing a snake sacrifice known as Sarpa Satra, to avenge for the death of his father from a snake bite by the snake king called Taksaka. A sacrificial fireplace had been specially erected and the fire sacrifice to kill all snakes in the world was started by a galaxy of learned Brahmin sages. The sacrifice performed in the presence of Janamejaya was so powerful that it was causing all snakes to fall into the Yagna kunda (sacrificial fire pit). When the priests found that only Takshaka who had bitten and killed Parisksihit had escaped to the nether world of Indra seeking his protection, the sages increased the tempo of reciting the mantras (spells) to drag Takshaka and also Indra to the sacrificial fire. Takshaka had coiled himself around Indra’s cot but the force of the sacrificial yagna was so powerful that even Indra along with Takshaka were dragged towards the fire. This scared the gods who then appealed to Manasadevi to intervene and resolve the crisis. She then requested her son Astika to go to the site of the yagna and appeal to Janamejaya to stop the Sarpa Satra yagna. Astika impressed Janamejaya with his knowledge of all theSastras (scriptures) who granted him to seek a boon. It was then that Astika requested Janamejeya to stop the Sarpa Satra. Since the king was never known to refuse a boon given to a Brahmin, he relented, in spite of protects by the rishis performing the yagna. The yagna was then stopped and thus the life of Indra and Takshaka and his other serpent race were spared. This day, according to the Hindu Calendar, happened to be Nadivardhini Panchami (fifth day of bright fortnight of the lunar month of Shravan during the monsoon season) and since then the day is a festival day of the Nagas as their life was spared on this day. Indra also went to Manasadevi and worshipped her.

How to perform Nag panchami puja:
On the day of Naag Panchami, houses are cleaned and holy offerings are prepared for Naga (snake). preparations are made a day prior to the day of Nag Panchami. Food preparations for Naag Panchami include Sevai (vermicelli), rice items, Laddoo (sweet dish made of dried condiments), etc.

A special Puja is performed for Snake God, in which the snake is bathed with Panchamrit (a mixture of milk, yogurt, sugar, honey, and butter). Besides this proceeding, Aarti is performed to invoke the blessings of snake deity.

It is believed that any Puja offered to snakes would reach to the serpent Gods. Hence people worship live snakes on the day as representative of serpents Gods who are revered and worshipped in Hinduism.
twelve are worshipped during Nag Panchami Puja - Naga kanyas
  • Ananta
  • Vasuki
  • Shesha
  • Padma
  • Kambala
  • Karkotaka
  • Ashvatara
  • Dhritarashtra
  • Shankhapala
  • Kaliya
  • Takshaka
  • Pingala
Nag Panchami Mantra :
Sarva Nagaah preeyantam mey yey kechit Prithivithaley,
yey cha helimarichistha yentarey Divi samstithah
Yey Nadeeshu Mahanaga ye Sarasvati gaaminah,
yey cha Vaapee tadagashu teshu sarveshu vai namah
May all Nagas whether on Earth, Sky, Swarga, in the Sun rays, Sarovaras or lakes, wells or other water bodies, be appeased as we greet these deities again and again.
Om Kurukulle Hun Phat Svaha
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abdul kalam biography abdul kalam history

abdul kalam biography 1931–2015

Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam born on 15th October 1931 at Rameswaram, in Tamil Nadu, , specialized in Aero Engineering from Madras Institute of Technology.

Before his term as India's president, he worked as an aeronautical engineer with DRDO and ISRO. He is popularly known as the Missile Man of India for his work on development of ballistic missile and space rocket technology.[5]. In India he is highly respected as a scientist and as an engineer.

Kalam played a pivotal organisational, technical and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974.[6] He is a professor at Anna University (Chennai) and adjunct/visiting faculty at many other academic and research institutions across India.

With the death of R. Venkataraman on January 27, 2009, Kalam became the only surviving former President of India.
Political views

APJ Abdul Kalam views on certain issues have been espoused by him in his book India 2020 where he strongly advocates an action plan to develop India into a knowledge superpower and into a developed nation by the year 2020. Kalam is credited with the view that India ought to take a more assertive stance in international relations; he regards his work on India's nuclear weapons program as a way to assert India's place as a future superpower.

Kalam continues to take an active interest in other developments in the field of science and technology as well. He has proposed a research programme for developing bio-implants. He is a supporter of Open source software over proprietary solutions and believes that the use of open source software on a large scale will bring more people the benefits of information technology..

Kalam's belief in the power of science to resolve society's problems and his views of these problems as a result of inefficient distribution of resources is modernistic. He also sees science and technology as ideology-free areas and emphasises the cultivation of scientific temper and entrepreneurial drive. In this, he finds a lot of support among India's new business leaders like the founders of Infosys and Wipro, (leading Indian IT corporations) who began their careers as technology professionals much in the same way Kalam did.
Personal life

Kalam's father was a devout Muslim, who owned boats which he rented out to local fishermen and was a good friend of Hindu religious leaders and the school teachers at Rameshwaram. APJ Abdul Kalam mentions in his biography that to support his studies, he started his career as a newspaper vendor. This was also told in the book, A Boy and His Dream: Three Stories from the Childhood of Abdul Kalam by Vinita Krishna. The house Kalam was born in can still be found on the Mosque street in Rameshwaram, and his brother's curio shop abuts it. This has become a point-of-call for tourists who seek out the place. Kalam grew up in an intimate relationship with nature, and he says in Wings of Fire that he never could imagine that water could be so powerful a destroying force as that he witnessed when he was thirty three. That was in 1964 when a cyclonic storm swept away the Pamban bridge and a trainload of passengers with it and also Kalam's native village, Dhanushkodi.

He is a scholar of Thirukkural; in most of his speeches, he quotes at least one kural. Kalam has written several inspirational books, most notably his autobiography Wings of Fire, aimed at motivating Indian youth. Another of his books, Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life reveals his spiritual side. He has written poems in Tamil as well. It has been reported that there is considerable demand in South Korea for translated versions of books authored by him.

Kalam has also patronised grassroots innovations. He is closely associated with the Honey Bee Network and The National innovation Foundation. The NIF is a body of Government of India and operates from Ahmadabad, Gujrat. He respects all religions, including Sikhism and Hinduism.

He is a vegetarian and a teetotaller.
Kalam as an engineer

Abdul Kalam graduated from Madras Institute of Technology majoring in Aeronautical Engineering. As the Project Director, he was heavily involved in the development of India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). As Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), he also played a major part in developing many missiles of India including Agni and Prithvi. Although the entire project has been criticised for being overrun and mismanaged[10]. He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Secretary, Department of Defence Research & Development from July 1992 to December 1999. Pokhran-II nuclear tests were conducted during this period, led by him.

He is one of those scientists who aims at putting technology created by him to multiple use. He used the light weight carbon-compound material designed for Agni to make callipers for the polio affected. This carbon composite material reduced the weight of the calipers to 400 grams (from its original weight of 4kgs.) Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS, Hyderabad) was the birthplace for the defence technology spin offs from Kalam's labs via the DRDL (Defence Research and Development Laboratory), DMRL (Defence Metallurgical Research Lab) and the RCI (Research Centre Imarat). Addressing a conference at Athens, Greece, Kalam told that "Seeing the children run with lighter callipers brought tears to the eyes of their parents. That was the real moment of bliss for me".

On Wednesday April 29, 2009, he became the first Asian to be bestowed the Hoover Medal, America's top engineering prize, for his outstanding contribution to public service. Kalam has received honorary doctorates from as many as thirty universities, including the Carnegie Mellon University and the Nanyang Technological University of Singapore.

The Government of India has honoured him with the nation's highest civilian honours: the Padma Bhushan in 1981; Padma Vibhushan in 1990; and the Bharat Ratna in 1997 for his work with ISRO and DRDO and his role as a scientific advisor to the Indian government..

Kalam is the Third President of India to have been honoured with a Bharat Ratna before being elected to the highest office, the other two being Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Zakir Hussain. He is also the first scientist and first bachelor to occupy Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Kalam has been chosen to receive prestigious 2008 Hoover Medal for his outstanding public service. The citation said that he is being recognised for making state-of-the-art healthcare available to the common man at affordable prices, bringing quality medical care to rural areas by establishing a link between doctors and technocrats, using spin-offs of defence technology to create state-of-the-art medical equipment and launching tele-medicine projects connecting remote rural-based hospitals to the super-specialty hospital. A pre eminent scientist, a gifted engineer, and a true visionary, he is also a humble humanitarian in every sense of the word, it added.
Childhood & Carrier
Oct 15, 1931 : Born at Dhanushkodi in Rameswaram district,Tamil Nadu. His father had to rent boats to pay his school fees. He studied at the Schwartz High School in Ramanathapuram.

1954-58 : After graduating in science from St. Joseph's College in Tiruchi, he enrolled for Aeronautical Engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology in 1954.

1958 Kalam joined the Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) and served as a senior scientific assistant, heading a small team that developed a prototype hovercraft. But the project, never took off.

1962 : Following the lukewarm response to his hovercraft program, Kalam moved out of DRDO and joined Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

1963-82 : Kalam joined the satellite launch vehicle team at Thumba, near Trivandram and soon became Project Director for SLV-3.

1980 : Rohini put into orbit in the month of July

1981 : Kalam honoured with the Padma Bhushan

1982 : Kalam returns to DRDO as its Director. Takes charge of India's integrated guided missile development program. The program envisaged the launch of five major missiles.

1992 : Kalam takes over as the Scientific Advisor to Union Defence Minister.

1997 : Kalam honoured with "Bharat Ratna", india's highest civilian award.

May 11, 1998 : Adorning a Gorkha hat in the Rajasthan deserts, he orchestrated India's underground nuclear tests. The scientist from a small hamlet in Tamil Nadu who had dreamt of India as a nuclear power many years ago had finally achieved it!

2002 : Kalam takes over as the President of India.


I have three visions for India. In 3000 years of our history, people from all over the world have come and invaded us, captured our lands conquered our minds. From Alexander onwards. The Greeks, the Portuguese, the British, the French, the Dutch, all of them came and looted us, took over what was ours. Yet we have not done this to any other nation. We have not conquered anyone. We have not grabbed their land, their culture, their history and tried to enforce our way oflife on them. Why? Because we respect the freedom of others.

That is why my first vision is that of FREEDOM. I believe that India got its first vision of this in 1857, when we started the war of independence.It is this freedom that we must protect and nurture and built on. If we are not free, no one will respect us.

My second vision for India is DEVELOPMENT. For fifty years we have been a developing nation. It is time we see ourselves as a developed nation. We are among top 5 nations of the world in terms of GDP. We have 10 percent growth rate in most areas. Our poverty levels are falling, our achievements are being globally recognized today. Yet we lack the self-confidence to see ourselves as a developed nation, self reliant and self assured. Isn't this right?

I have third vision. The India must stand up to the world. Because I believe that unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us. Only strength respects strength. We must be strong not only as a military power but also as an economic power. Both must go hand-in-hand. My good fortune was to have worked with three great minds. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai of the Dept. of space, Professor Satish Dhawan, who succeeded him, and Dr. Brahm Prakash, father of nuclear material.I was lucky to have worked with all three of them closely and consider this the great opportunity of my life. I see four milestones in my career:

ONE : Twenty years I spent in ISRO. I was given the opportunity to be the project director for India's first satellite launch vehicle, SLV3. The one that launched Rohini. These years played a very important role in my life of a Scientist.

TWO : After my ISRO years, i joined DRDO and got a chance to be the part of India's guided missile program. It was my second bliss when Agni met its mission requirements in 1994.

THREE : The Dept. of Atomic Energy and DRDO had this tremendous partnership in the recent nuclear tests, on May 11 and 13. This was the third bliss. The joy of participating with my team in these nuclear tests and proving to the world that India can make it. That we are no longer a developing nation but one of them. It made me feel very proud as an Indian. The fact that we have now developed for Agni a re-entry structure, for which we have developed this new material. A Very light material called carbon-carbon.

FOUR : One day an orthopaedic surgeon from Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences visited my laboratory. He lifted the material and found it so light that he took me to his hospital and showed me his patients. There were these little girls and boys with heavy metallic calipers weighing over three Kgs. each, dragging their feet around. He said to me: Please remove the pain of my patients. In three weeks, we made these Floor reaction Orthosis 300 gram calipers and took them to the orthopaedic center. The children didn't believe their eyes. From dragging around a three kg. load on their legs, they could now move around! Their parents had tears in their eyes. That was my fourth bliss!

Why is the media here so negative? Why are we in India so embarrassedto recognize our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why? We are the second largest producer of wheat in the world. We are the second largest producers of rice. We are the first in milk production. We are number one in Remote sensing satellites. Look at Dr. Sudarshan, he has transferred the tribal village into a self-sustaining, self driving unit. There are millions of such achievements but our media is only obsessed with the bad news and failures and disasters.

I was in Tel Aviv once and I was reading the Israeli newspaper. It was the day after a lot of attacks and bombardments and deaths had taken place. The Hamas had struck. But the front page of the newspaper had the picture of a Jewish gentleman who in five years had transformed his desert land into an orchid and a granary. It was his inspiring picture that everyone woke up to. The gory details of killings, bombardments,deaths, were inside in the newspaper, buried among other news. In India we only read about death, sickness,terrorism, crime. Why are we so negative?

Another question: Why are we, as a nation so obsessed with Foreign things? we want foreign TVs, we want foreign shirts. We want foreign technology. Why this obsession with everything imported? Do we not realize that self-respect comes with self-reliance? I was in Hyderabad giving this lecture, when a 14 year old girl asked me for my autograph. I asked her what her goal in life is:

She replied: I want to live in a developed India. For her, for you, we will have to built this developed India. You must proclaim.

--Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.
 Kalams Writings:
* Wings of Fire: An Autobiography of APJ Abdul Kalam by A.P.J Abdul Kalam, Arun Tiwari; by K. Bhushan, G. Katyal; A.P.H. Pub. Corp, 2002.
* Scientist to President by Abdul A.P.J. Kalam; Gyan Publishing House, 2003.
* Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam; Penguin Books, 2003.
* India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Y.S. Rajan; Penguin Books India, 2003.
* India-my-dream by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam; Excel Books, 2004.
* Envisioning an Empowered Nation: Technology for Societal Transformation by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam; TATA McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd, 2004.
* Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Arun K Tiwari; Ocean Books, 2005.
* Children Ask Kalam by A.P.J Abdul Kalam; Pearson Education, ISBN 81-7758-245-3


* Eternal Quest: Life and Times of Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam by S. Chandra; Pentagon Publishers, 2002.
* President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam by R. K. Pruthi; Anmol Publications, 2002.
* A. P. J. Abdul Kalam: The Visionary of India' by K. Bhushan, G. Katyal; A.P.H. Pub. Corp, 2002.
* A little Dream' (documentary film) by P. Dhanapal; Minveli Media Works Private Limited, 2008.[14]
* The Kalam Effect: My Years with the President by P.M. Nair; Harper Collins, 2008.

Attributed Quotes

* All God's creatures are His family; and he is the most beloved of God who tries to do most good to God's creatures.

* God has not promised Skies always blue, Flower-strewn pathways All our life through; God has not promised Sun without rain, Joy without sorrow, Peace without pain.

* I will not be presumptuous enough to say that my life can be a role model for anybody; but some poor child living in an obscure place in an underprivileged social setting may find a little solace in the way my destiny has been shaped. It could perhaps help such children liberate themselves from the bondage of their illusory backwardness and hopelessness?

* Thinking is progress. Non-thinking is stagnation of the individual, organisation and the country. Thinking leads to action. Knowledge without action is useless and irrelevant. Knowledge with action, converts adversity into prosperity.

* Thinking should become your capital asset, no matter whatever ups and downs you come across in your life.

* What actions are most excellent? To gladden the heart of a human being, to feed the hungry, to help the afflicted to lighten the sorrow of the sorrowful and to remove the wrongs of injured.

* When you speak, speak the truth; perform when you promise; discharge your trust?. Withhold your hands from striking, and from taking that which is unlawful and bad?

* Whenever you face problems or are in the middle of them just think— What has happened, has happened for the good. What is happening is happening for the good. And what will happen will also happen for the good...
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The last rites of former President APJ Abdul Kalam will be held in his native town of Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu in keeping with his family's wishes.
President Kalam died last night in Shillong where he had gone to address students at the local Indian Institute of Management; he was 83.
"A large number of relatives, friends, well wishers and common people have gathered at Kalam's house at Rameswaram," APJ M.K. Sheik Saleem, the former President's grandson told IANS over phone.
The temple town of Rameswaram is around 600 km from Chennai.
The central government is yet to inform the state government about when President Kalam's body will be sent to Rameswaram.
Local officials said the administration is expecting thousands of people to assemble for his last rites.

Rameswaram, (also spelt as Ramesvaram, Rameshwaram orRamisseram) is a town and a second grade municipality in theRamanathapuram district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is located on Pamban Island separated from mainland India by the Pamban channel and is about 50 kilometres from Mannar Island, Sri Lanka. It is situated in the Gulf of Mannar, at the very tip of the Indian peninsula. Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island, is connected to mainland India by the Pamban Bridge. Rameswaram is the terminus of the railway line from Chennai and Madurai. Together with Varanasi, it is considered to be one of the holiest places in India to Hindus, and part of theChar Dham pilgrimage.

According to Hindu mythology, this is the place from where the Hindu godRama built a bridge, across the sea to Lanka to rescue his wife Sita from her abductor Ravana. The Ramanathaswamy Temple dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva is located at the centre of the town and is closely associated with Rama. The temple along with the town is considered a holy pilgrimage site for both Shaivites and Vaishnavites.

Rameswaram is the closest point to reach Sri Lanka and geological evidence suggests that the Adam's Bridge was a former land connection between India and Sri Lanka. The town is in news over alleged attack by Sri Lankan navy for alleged cross border activities by fishermen,Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project, Kachchatheevu and Sri Lankan Tamil refugees.Rameswaram is administered by a municipality established in 1994. The town covers an area of 53 km2 and had a population of 44,856 as of 2011. Tourism and fishery employ the majority of workforce in Rameswaram.

The Ramanathaswamy Temple is a major attraction and it is one of the seven places visiting which one can gain salvation. The Ramayana was conceived here and it also houses one of the 12 jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. Gandhamadhana Parvatam is a two storey temple with an imprint of Lord Rama on a chakra. Devotees come here to seek the blessings of Lord Rama. The best period to visit Rameshwaram is between October and April. You can go through a guide book to know how to reach Rameshwaram. Rameshwaram is accessible by air, railways and roadways. It is well connected by rail with cities like Chennai, Coimbatore, Thanjavur and Trichy. The nearest airport is in Madurai, 163 km from here. If you are traveling from some distant location then taking a flight will be the best decision. A trip here will bring a serene feeling in your mind tired with the complexities of modern life. State transport buses regularly travel between Rameshwaram and other cities of Tamil Nadu. 
There are sixty-four Tīrthas or Theerthams (holy water bodies) in and around Rameswaram. According to the Skanda Purana, twenty-four of them are important. Of the 24, 14 are in the form of tanks and wells within the precincts of the temple.Bathing in these tanks is a major aspect of the pilgrimage to Rameswaram and is considered equivalent to penance. Twenty-two of the tanks are within the Ramanathaswamy Temple. The foremost one is called Agni Theertham, the sea (Bay of Bengal). Jatayu, King of the Birds, who fought in vain with the demon-king Ravana to save Sita, is said to have fallen down at Jadayu Theertham as his wings were severed.Villoondi Theertham literally translates to 'buried bow', is located around 7 kilometres from the main temple on the way to Pamban.It is believed to be the place where Rama quenched the thirst of Sita by dipping the bow into the sea water.Other major holy bodies are Hanuman Theertham, Sugreeva Theertham and Lakshmana Theertham.

Gandhamathana Parvatham:
Gandhamathan Parvatham, a hillock situated 3 km to the north of the temple is the highest point in the island.There is a two storeyed hall, where Rama's feet is found as an imprint on a chakra (wheel).The Ramarpatham Temple is located on the hillock.
Dhanushkodi is the southernmost tip of the island and houses the Kothandaramaswamy Temple dedicated to Rama.Though Dhanushkodi was washed away during the 1964 cyclone, the temple alone remained intact. It is 18 km way from the centre of the town and can be reached by road. A popular belief is that, Dhanushkodi is where Vibishana, a brother of Ravana surrendered before Rama in the epic Ramayana.
Rameswaram is frequently in headlines over fishermen issues like attack, arrest and alleged harassment by Sri Lankan navy for alleged cross border activities, Sethusamudram canal project, Kachchatheevu, Sri Lankan Tamil refugees and also on intercountry smuggling between India and Sri Lanka.As an initial step to curb enhanced smuggling, the Tamil Nadu government has set up 30 more marine police stations to bring the state’s entire coastal belt under close vigil.

11th President of India Dr.A.P.J Abdul Kalam
Honorable Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam was born in Rameshwaram.

Rameshwaram does not have an airport. Nearest airport is Madurai Airport.
149 km awayMadurai Airport (IXM), Madurai, Tamil Nadu
142 km awayTuticorin Airport (TCR), Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu

You can easily get regular trains to Rameshwaram from other major cities of the country.
Railway Station(s): Rameswaram (RMM)

There are regular buses from other major cities of the country to Rameshwaram.
Bus Station(s): Rameswaram
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APJ Abdul Kalam Quotes in hindi abdul kalam in hindi

APJ Abdul Kalam Quotes in hindi abdul kalam in hindi
  • इससे पहले की सपने सच हो आपको सपने देखने होंगे।
  • सपना वो नहीं है जो आप नींद में देखे, सपने वो है जो आपको नींद ही नहीं आने दे।
  •  इंतज़ार करने वालो को सिर्फ उतना ही मिलता है, जितना कोशिश करने वाले छोड़ देते है।
  •  एक अच्छी पुस्तक हज़ार दोस्तों के बराबर होती है जबकि एक अच्छा दोस्त एक लाइब्रेरी (पुस्तकालय) के बराबर होता है
  •  जीवन में कठिनाइयाँ हमे बर्बाद करने नहीं आती है, बल्कि यह हमारी छुपी हुई सामर्थ्य और शक्तियों को बाहर निकलने में हमारी मदद करती है, कठिनाइयों को यह जान लेने दो की आप उससे भी ज्यादा कठिन हो।
  • आत्मविश्वास और कड़ी मेहनत, असफलता नामक बिमारी को मारने के लिए सबसे बढ़िया दवाई है। ये आपको एक सफल व्यक्ति बनाती है।
  •  देश का सबसे अच्छा दिमाग, क्लास रूम की आखरी बेंचो पर मिल सकता है।
  • आप अपना भविष्य नहीं बदल सकते पर आप अपनी आदते बदल सकते है और निश्चित रूप से आपकी आदते आपका फ्यूचर बदल देगी।
  • अपने जॉब से प्यार करो पर अपनी कम्पनी से प्यार मत करो क्योकि आप नहीं जानते की कब आपकी कम्पनी आपको प्यार करना बंद कर दे।
  • अपनी पहली सफलता के बाद विश्राम मत करो क्योकि अगर आप दूसरी बार में असफल हो गए तो बहुत से होंठ यह कहने के इंतज़ार में होंगे की आपकी पहली सफलता केवल एक तुक्का थी।
  • किसकी को हराना बहुत आसान है लेकिन किसी को जितना बहुत आसान है।
  • यदि आप अपनी ड्यूटी को सैल्यूट करोगे तो आपको किसी भी व्यक्ति को सैल्यूट करने की जरूरत नहीं पड़ेगी लेकिन यदि आप अपनी ड्यूटी को पोल्यूट करेंगे तो आपको हर किसी को सैल्यूट करना पडेगा।
  • महान सपने देखने वालो के महान सपने हमेशा पुरे होते है।
  • जब हमारे सिग्नेचर (हस्ताक्षर), ऑटोग्राफ में बदल जाए तो यह सफलता की निशानी है।
  • सफलता की कहानियां मत पढ़ो उससे आपको केवल एक सन्देश मिलेगा। असफलता की कहानियां पढ़ो उससे आपको सफल होने के कुछ आइडियाज (विचार) मिलेंगे।
  • ब्लैक कलर भावनात्मक रूप से बुरा होता है लेकिन हर ब्लैक बोर्ड विधार्थियों की जिंदगी ब्राइट बनाता है।
  • शिखर पर पहुँचने के लिए सामर्थ्य चाहिए। फिर वो चाहे माउंट एवेरेस्ट का शिखर हो या आपके केरियर का।
  • मैं एक हैंडसम इंसान नहीं हूँ लेकिन मैं अपना हैंड उस किसी भी व्यक्ति को दे सकता हूँ जिसको की मदद की जरूरत है। सुंदरता हृदय में होती है, चेहरे में नहीं।
  • नकली सुख की बजाय ठोस उपलब्धियों के पीछे समर्पित रहिये।
  • अपने मिशन में कामयाब होने के लिए, आपको अपने लक्ष्य के प्रति एकचित्त निष्ठावान होना पड़ेगा।
  • एक मुर्ख जीनियस बन सकता है यदि वो समझता है की वो मुर्ख है लेकिन एक जीनियस मुर्ख बन सकता है यदि वो समझता है की वो जीनियस है।
  • बारिश की दौरान सारे पक्षी आश्रय की तलाश करते है लेकिन बाज़ बादलों के ऊपर उडकर बारिश को ही अवॉयड कर देते है। समस्याए कॉमन है, लेकिन आपका एटीट्यूड इनमे डिफरेंस पैदा करता है।
  • कभी कभी कक्षा से बंक मारकर दोस्तों के साथ मस्ती करना अच्छा होता है, क्योंकि आज जब मैं पीछे मुड़कर देखता हूँ तो ये सिर्फ हंसाता ही नहीं है, बल्कि अच्छी यादे भी देता है।
  • प्रशन पूछना, विधार्थियों की सभी प्रमुख विशेषताओ में से एक है। इसलिए छात्रों सवाल पूछों।
  • मेरे लिए नकारात्मक अनुभव जैसी कोई चीज़ नहीं है।
  • जिंदगी और समय, विशव के दो सबसे बड़े अध्यापक है। ज़िंदगी हमे समय का सही उपयोग करना सिखाती है जबकि समय हमे ज़िंदगी की उपयोगिता बताता है।
  • जब हम दैनिक समस्याओ से घिरे रहते है तो हम उन अच्छी चीज़ों को भूल जाते है जो की हम में है।
  • इंसान को कठिनाइयों की आवश्यकता होती है, क्योकि सफलता का आनंद उठाने के लिए ये जरूरी है।
  • मैं हमेशा इस बात को स्वीकार करने के लिए तैयार था कि मैं कुछ चीजें नहीं बदल सकता।
  • जो लोग आधे अधूरे मन से कोई काम करते है उन्हें आधी अधूरी, खोकली सफलता मिलती है जो चारो और कड़वाहट भर देती है।
  • हमे प्रयत्न करना नहीं छोड़ना चाहिए और समस्याओ से नहीं हारना चाहिए।
  • मेरा यह सन्देश विशेष रूप से युवाओ के लिए है। उनमे अलग सोच रखने का साहस, नए रास्तो पर चलने का साहस, आविष्कार करने का साहस होना चाहिए। उन्हें समस्याओ से लड़ना और उनसे जीतना आना चाहिए। ये सभी महान गुण है और युवाओ को इन गुणों को अपनाना चाहिए।
  • हर सुबह पांच बाते अपने आप से बोलो
  • १ मैं सबसे अच्छा हूँ।
  • २ मैं यह कर सकता हूँ।
  • ३ भगवान हमेशा मेरे साथ है।
  • ४ मैं एक विजेता हूँ।
  • ५ आज का दिन मेरा दिन है।
Quote 34 : युवाओ के लिए सन्देश
ज़िंदगी में लक्ष्य तय करना
ज्ञान को प्राप्त करना
कठिन मेहनत करना
अपने लक्ष्य के प्रति दृढ़ रहना
Quote 35 : थ्री एक्सीलेंट आन्सवर
सफलता का रहस्य क्या है ? सही निर्णय
आप सही निर्णय कैसे लेते है ? अनुभव से
आप अनुभव कैसे प्राप्त करते है ? गलत निर्णय से
Quote 36 : आइये हम अपने आज का बलिदान कर दें ताकि हमारे बच्चों का कल बेहतर हो सके।
Quote 37 : कृत्रिम सुख की बजाये ठोस उपलब्धियों के पीछे समर्पित रहिये।
Quote 38 : चूँकि हम सब भगवान के पुत्र है इसलिए हम हर उस चीज़ से बड़े है जो हममे हो सकती है।
Quote 39 : यदि हम सवतंत्र नहीं है तो कोई भी हमारा आदर नहीं करेगा।
Quote 40 : अंग्रेजी आवश्यक है क्योंकि वर्तमान में विज्ञान के मूल काम अंग्रेजी में हैं। मेरा विश्वास है कि अगले दो दशक में विज्ञान के मूल काम हमारी भाषाओँ में आने शुरू हो जायेंगे, तब हम जापानियों की तरह आगे बढ़ सकेंगे।
Quote 41 : जीवन एक कठिन खेल है। आप इस जन्मसिद्ध अधिकार को केवल एक व्यक्ति बनकर ही जीत सकते है।
Quote 42 : मुझे बताइए , यहाँ का मीडिया इतना नकारात्मक क्यों है? भारत में हम अपनी अच्छाइयों, अपनी उपलब्धियों को दर्शाने में इतना शर्मिंदा क्यों होते हैं? हम एक माहान राष्ट्र हैं। हमारे पास ढेरों सफलता की गाथाएँ हैं, लेकिन हम उन्हें नहीं स्वीकारते। क्यों?
Quote 43 : भारत में हम बस मौत, बीमारी , आतंकवाद और अपराध के बारे में पढ़ते हैं।
Quote 44 : इसका मतलब है, जो लोग उच्च और जिम्मेदार पदों पर है, अगर वे धर्म के खिलाफ जाते है, तो धर्म ही एक विध्वंसक के रूप में तब्दील हो जाएगा।
Quote 45 : हम एक राष्ट्र के रूप में विदेशी चीज़ों से लगाव क्यों कर रहे है ? क्या यह हमारे औपनिवेशिक युग की एक विरासत है। हम विदेशी टीवी सेट खरीदना चाहते है। हम विदेशी शर्ट पहनना चाहते है। हम विदेशी प्रौधोगिकी खरीदना चाहते है, सब कुछ आयात करने का यह कैसा जुनून है ?
Quote 46 : दुनिया की आबादी के लगभग आधे लोग ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में और ज्यादातर गरीबी की हालत में रहते है। मानव विकास में इस तरह की असमानता ही दुनिया में अशांति और हिंसा के प्राथमिक कारणों में से एक है।
Quote 47 : किसी भी धर्म में किसी धर्म को बनाए रखने और बढाने के लिए दूसरों को मारना नहीं बताया गया।
Quote 48 : जब तक भारत दुनिया में अपने कदमो पर खड़ा नहीं है, तब तक हमे कोई आदर नहीं करेगा। इस दुनिया में डर के लिए कोई जगह नहीं है। केवल ताकत ही ताकत का सम्मान करती है।
Quote 49 : भारत को अपनी ही छाया चाहिए, और हमारे पास स्वयं के विकास का प्रतिरूप होना चाहिए।
Quote 50 : हमे करोडो लोगो के देश की तरह सोचना और कार्य करना चाहिए न की लाखो लोगो के देश की तरह। सपना, सपना, सपना !
Quote 51 : हमे युवाओ को नौकरी चाहने वालो की अपेक्षा नौकरी देने वाला बनाना होगा।
Quote 52 : हर राष्ट, चीन से यह सीख सकता है की हमे ग्रामीण स्टार पर अच्छे उद्यमों, अच्छी गुणवत्ता की स्वास्थ्य सेवाओ और शैक्षिक सुविधाओ के निर्माण पर अधिक ध्यान केंद्रित करना चाहिए।
Quote 53 : मेरा नज़रिया यह है की जवानी में हम अधिक आशावादी और कल्पनाशील होते है और हम दूसरों से कम प्रभावित होते है।
Quote 54 : कितने सही रूप से क़ानून अपराध को खत्म कर सकता है ? बहुत तेजी से कारवाई करने के लिए एक तंत्र होना चाहिए। नियम कुछ ऐसे हो की उन्हें पकड़ो और सजा दो।
Quote 55 : भारत को एक मूल्य प्रधान राष्ट्र के साथ, एक विकसित राष्ट्र, एक समृद्ध राष्ट्र और एक स्वस्थ राष्ट्र के रूप में तब्दील होना होगा।
Quote 56 : हम केवल तभी याद किये जाएंगे यदि हम हमारी युवा पीढ़ी को एक समृद्ध और सुरक्षित भारत दे सके जो की सांस्कृतिक विरासत के साथ साथ आर्थिक समृद्धि के परिणाम स्वरुप प्राप्त हो।
Quote 57 : हमने किसी भी देश पर कभी आक्रमण नहीं किया है। हमने उनके देश की जमीन नहीं हड़पी है, अपनी संस्कृति, अपने इतिहास और अपने जीवन जीने के तरीके को उन पर लागू करने की कोशिश नहीं की।
Quote 58 : जब कोई राष्ट्र हथियार युक्त देशो से घिरा हो, तो उसे भी हथियार युक्त होना पडेगा।
Quote 59 : शिक्षाविद को छात्रों में रचनात्मकता, जानने की भावना और नैतिक नेतृत्व की क्षमता का निर्माण कर उनका आदर्श बन जाना चाहिए।
Quote 60 : क्या हम यह नहीं जानते कि आत्म सम्मान आत्म निर्भरता के साथ आता है ?
Quote 61 : अगर किसी देश को भ्रष्टाचार – मुक्त और सुन्दर-मन वाले लोगों का देश बनाना है तो , मेरा दृढ़तापूर्वक मानना है कि समाज के तीन प्रमुख सदस्य ये कर सकते हैं. पिता, माता और गुरु।
Quote 62 : भगवान, हमारे निर्माता ने हमारे मष्तिष्क और व्यक्तित्व में असीमित शक्तियां और क्षमताएं दी हैं। ईश्वर की प्रार्थना हमें इन शक्तियों को विकसित करने में मदद करती है।
Quote 63 : युद्ध किसी भी समस्या का स्थाई हल नहीं है।
Quote 64 : आकाश की तरफ देखिये. हम अकेले नहीं हैं. सारा ब्रह्माण्ड हमारे लिए अनुकूल है और जो सपने देखते हैं और मेहनत करते हैं उन्हें प्रतिफल देने की साजिश करता है।Thanks for Visiting womenspage.in

pushkaralu Pushkaram


Pushkaram is an Indian festival dedicated to worshiping of rivers. It is also known as Pushkaralu (in Telugu), Pushkara or Pushkar.

It is celebrated at shrines along the banks of 12 major sacred rivers in India, in the form of ancestor worship, spiritual discourses, devotional music and cultural programmes. The celebration happens annually, once in 12 years along each river. Each river is associated with a zodiac sign, and the river for each year's festival is based on which sign Jupiter is in at the time. Due to regional variations, some of the zodiac signs are associated with multiple rivers. Godavari Pushkaralu 2015: StartDate:14th July 2015 End Date: 25th July 2015 No of days Celebrated : 12

According to a legend mentioned in astrology treatises such as Jataka Parijata (1426), a Brahmin was granted a boon from Shiva after severe penance. The boon was that he would be able to live in water and purify the holy rivers. The Brahmin came to be known as Pushkara ("the one who nourishes"). On a request from Bṛhaspati (Jupiter), he decided to enter one of the 12 sacred rivers when Bṛhaspati traveled from one zoadic sign to another.

Each river is associated with a zodiac sign, and the river for each year's festival is based on which zodiac sign the planet Jupiter (Bṛhaspati) is in at that time.

The Pushkaram tradition is not mentioned in the early Hindu texts; it is part of the Hindu astrological lore. Therefore, the names of 12 rivers may vary depending on the regional traditions. For example, in Maharashtra, Bhima is associated with Scorpio sign, while in Tamil Nadu, Tamraparni is associated with it. The sacred rivers include

Rashi (Hindu zodiacsign)   Corresponding Western zodiacsign          River
1  Mesha                                   Aries                                                   Ganges
2 Vrishabha                             Taurus                                                Narmada
3 Mithuna                                Gemini                                                Saraswati
4 Karka                                     Cancer                                                Yamuna
5 Simha                                     Leo                                                   Godavari
6 Kanya                                  Virgo                                              Krishna. In Tamil Nadu, the festival is celebrated at the Sangu Theertham tank at Vedagiriswarar temple.
7 Tula                                       Libra                                                       Kaveri
8 Vrishchika                         Scorpio                                            Bhima. In Tamil Nadu, the festival is celebrated on the banks of Tamraparni (Thamirabarani) river.
9 Dhanus                            Sagittarius                                             Tapti (Pushkaravahini). In Assam, the festival is celebrated on the banks of Brahmaputra river.
10 Makara                            Capricorn                                               Tungabhadra
11 Kumbha                             Aquarius                                           Sindhu (Indus)
12 Mina                                    Pisces                                                    Pranhita (Parineeta)

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